Scotland

A New International?

Scotland + Venice 2013 is not one of the 88 Partecipazioni nazionali, rather it is one of 47 Eventi collaterali and therefore well away from the imperial British Pavilion on top of the hill in the Giardini. Tired of queuing for its turn (Scotland was only represented once in the British Pavilion, with Mark Boyle in 1978) the Scottish art establishment decided in 2003 to do it alone.

Since 1999 aspects of government have been increasingly devolved from London to Edinburgh and in September 2014 there will be a referendum on the independence of Scotland. But what kind of independence? Even the Scottish National Party proposes retaining the British Monarchy and the British Pound Sterling. Some artists are vociferous in their support for independence; others are silent.

But what, with the prospect of the reemergence of an independent Scotland, does the selection of three internationally acceptable artists tell us about the art establishment? Does the possibility of independence increase the desire, or need, for preserving the hegemony of the “international”?

Lindsay Gordon

http://venicebiennale2013.ideologicalguide.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/venetie_small_2x.jpg

Pavilion

Organizer/Commissioner:
Creative Scotland, British Council Scotland & the National Galleries of Scotland
Artists:
Duncan Campbell; Corin Sworn; Hayley Tompkins
Curator:
The Common Guild (organization)

Curator

Name:
The Common Guild (organization)
Lives and works in:
Scotland
No. of participations in the venice biennale:
1

Artist

Name:
Hayley Tompkins
Gender:
Female
Born:
The United Kingdom, 1971
Lives and works in:
Scotland
No. of participations in the venice biennale:
1
Represented by galleries in:
Glasgow

Artist

Name:
Corin Sworn
Gender:
Female
Born:
The United Kingdom, 1976
Lives and works in:
Scotland
No. of participations in the venice biennale:
1
Represented by galleries in:
Glasgow and Vancouver

Artist

Name:
Duncan Campbell
Gender:
Male
Born:
Ireland, 1972
Lives and works in:
Scotland
No. of participations in the venice biennale:
1
Represented by galleries in:
London

Politics & Economics

State System:
Parliamentary country within the United Kingdom's parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Ruling Political Party:
Scottish National Party
Population (World Bank, 2011):
5,200,000
GDP per capita (World Bank, 2011):
$42,124
Military Expenditure (SIPRI, 2011):
No data

Alliances


Commonwealth

Conflicts

Country independent since:
Not independent
Last Major Border Revision:
1707 (creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain)
Global Militarization Index (BICC, 2011):
No ranking
Nuclear Force?
No
Ongoing Conflicts and Disputes:
In 1999, the Scotland Act increased the autonomy of the region. The Scottish National Party presses for a referendum on full independence in 2014.