Latvia

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Pavilion

Organizer/Commissioner:
kim? Contemporary Art Centre & Art in General, NY USA
Artists:
Kaspars Podnieks; Krišs Salmanis
Curators:
Anne Barlow; Alise Tifentale; Courtenay Finn

Curator

Name:
Anne Barlow
Gender:
Female
Born:
Scotland
Lives and works in:
The United States of America
No. of participations in the venice biennale:
1

Curator

Name:
Alise Tifentale
Gender:
Female
No. of participations in the venice biennale:
1

Curator

Name:
Courtenay Finn
Gender:
Female
No. of participations in the venice biennale:
1

Artist

Name:
Krišs Salmanis
Gender:
Male
Born:
Latvia, 1977
Lives and works in:
Latvia
No. of participations in the venice biennale:
1

Artist

Name:
Kaspars Podnieks
Gender:
Male
Born:
1980
Lives and works in:
Latvia
No. of participations in the venice biennale:
1

Politics & Economics

State System:
Unitary parliamentary republic
Ruling Political Party:
Centre-right coalition of the Reform Party and the nationalist right-wing National Alliance, led by the liberal-conservative Unity Party.
Population (World Bank, 2011):
2,058,184
GDP per capita (World Bank, 2011):
$13,727
Unemployment (World Bank, 2011):
15.4% of the labor force
Net OECD ODA Aid Donated (2011):
$19,200,000
Military Expenditure (SIPRI, 2011):
$261,000,000

Alliances


Coalition of the Willing
International Criminal Court recognized
NATO
Former Warsaw Pact
WTO

Conflicts

Country independent since:
1991 (from the USSR)
Last Major Border Revision:
1944 (Abrene district ceded to Russia)
Global Militarization Index (BICC, 2011):
94
Nuclear Force?
No
Ongoing Conflicts and Disputes:
Political instability after the economic crisis and several governmental turnovers.