Greece

The Turmoil Revisited: The Greek "Case" as a Cast of the Disoriented

A historical record on the onomatology of the Ministry of Culture of the Hellenic Republic: in 1971, the military junta in Greece created the Ministry of Culture and Sciences; in 1985, it was changed to the Ministry of Culture; from 2009 through 2012, it was the Ministry of Culture and Tourism; and currently, it is called the Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs, Culture and Sports. Is this not the ultimate tribute to transdisciplinarity, a term so celebrated in the international art world today?

Analyses of the current Greek crisis center on the link between the country’s financial viability, Europe’s future, and, in turn, the implications of the union’s crumbling member states for the global market. The shrinkage of the welfare state paralleled by an emboldening of the police state, the increasing of fascism and organized criminal actions against immigrants, what might be best understood as a “para-state,” are facts considered effects of the financial crisis. This can be seen as a result of the financial porn that we have been fed after 2010 and which has been made exotic and alienated from its original context that is in actuality political: the democratic decline and new or obsolete modes of exercising power.

How is it possible for this state and its semi-cultural ministry to bring about a “democratic” or “dialogic” image in an international art event, when the same government tries to oppress all forms of self-organization, such as the violent closing of squats and the arrest of its participants, the closing down of radio stations, websites, and so on?

Yota Ioannidou

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Pavilion

Organizer/Commissioner:
Hellenic Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs, Culture and Sport
Artist:
Stefanos Tsivopoulos
Curator:
Syrago Tsiara
Budget provided by the state:
€250,000
Open Call?
Yes
Selection procedure:
The Ministry assigned an advisory committee with both institutional and non-institutional members to issue an open call for proposals and select a curator.

Curator

Name:
Syrago Tsiara
Gender:
Female
Born:
Greece, 1968
Lives and works in:
Greece
No. of participations in the venice biennale:
1

Artist

Name:
Stefanos Tsivopoulos
Gender:
Male
Born:
Czech Republic, 1973
Lives and works in:
Greece and The Netherlands
No. of participations in the venice biennale:
1
Represented by galleries in:
Athens and Milan

Politics & Economics

State System:
Unitary parliamentary republic
Ruling Political Party:
Centre-right liberal pro-European party New Democracy
Population (World Bank, 2011):
11,300,410
GDP per capita (World Bank, 2011):
$25,630
Unemployment (World Bank, 2011):
17.7% of the labor force
Net OECD ODA Aid Donated (2011):
$323,930,000
Military Expenditure (SIPRI, 2011):
$6,539,000,000

Alliances


IMF debt
International Criminal Court recognized
NATO
OECD
WTO

Conflicts

Country independent since:
1830 (from the Ottoman empire)
Last Major Border Revision:
1947 (Paris Peace Treaty transfers the Dodecanese from Italy to Greece)
International Court of Justice cases:
4
Global Militarization Index (BICC, 2011):
14
Nuclear Force?
No
Ongoing Conflicts and Disputes:
Domestic unrest resulting from the economic crisis. Territorial disputes with Turkey in the Aegean and over the division of Cyprus. Greece, however, backs Turkey's bid for EU membership. Greece contends the use of the state name Macedonia. In 2011, the International Court of Justice ruled that Greece had unjustly blocked Macedonia’s membership to the NATO because of the name dispute. Greece, however, continues to impede Macedonia's accession to the EU.
Participation in Multinational Missons:
NATO mission in Afghanistan. UN peacekeeping mission in Lebanon. EU mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina.