Chile

Curating Chilean Precarity

In September 2012, Massimiliano Gioni – curator of the 55th Venice Biennale – visited Chile to encourage the Cha.Co Art Fair. If biennials and independent spaces sit on the left in the “art system” (because of their potential critical density) and fairs on the right (because of their commercial and decorative character), why is Gioni inaugurating this fair?

The Chilean Ministry of Culture has eliminated the “Trienal de Chile” in favor of this fair. Today, without a biennial or triennial, Chile is deliberately a fair-oriented country. How should the state support to Chile’s participation in Venice, then, be understood?

This year Alfredo Jaar will be representing Chile at the Chilean Pavillion. Why does this globally known and politically correct artist who questions the idea of nationality suddenly have the desire to represent his native country? Does Jaar truly represent the precarious scene of “Chilean art”? How is this relation between Jaar and the current Chilean state to be understood?

Luis Alarcón and Ana María Saavedra

http://venicebiennale2013.ideologicalguide.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/venetie_small_2x.jpg

Pavilion

Organizer/Commissioner:
National Council of Culture and the Arts
Artist:
Alfredo Jaar
Curator:
Madeleine Grynsztejn
Budget provided by the state:
Undisclosed
Selection procedure:
Undisclosed

Curator

Name:
Madeleine Grynsztejn
Gender:
Female
Born:
Peru, 1962
Lives and works in:
The United States of America
No. of participations in the venice biennale:
1

Artist

Name:
Alfredo Jaar
Gender:
Male
Born:
Chile, 1956
Lives and works in:
The United States of America
No. of participations in the venice biennale:
4
Represented by galleries in:
Berlin, Paris, Milan, New York and Tokyo

Politics & Economics

State System:
Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Ruling Political Party:
Concert of Parties for Democracy - a broad coalition of centre-left to right-wing parties under a liberal conservative president
Population (World Bank, 2011):
17,269,525
GDP per capita (World Bank, 2011):
$14,394
Unemployment (World Bank, 2011):
7.1% of the labor force
World Bank credit:
$112,160,000
Net OECD ODA Aid Received (2011):
$82,100,000
Military Expenditure (SIPRI, 2011):
$5,484,000,000

Alliances


World Bank debt
International Criminal Court recognized
Non-Aligned Movement
OECD
WTO

Conflicts

Country independent since:
1810 (from Spain)
Last Major Border Revision:
Ongoing border dispute
Colonial History:
Former Spanish colony
International Court of Justice cases:
2
Global Militarization Index (BICC, 2011):
31
Nuclear Force?
No
Ongoing Conflicts and Disputes:
Territorial disputes with Peru and Bolivia. Disputed territorial claim on Antarctica. The boundary commission set up by Argentina and Chile has yet to demarcate the boundary in the Southern Patagonian Ice Field.
Participation in Multinational Missons:
UN peacekeeping missions in Cyprus, Haiti, India & Pakistan, and Israel & the Middle East. EU mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina.