Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Dayton Palace

The Dayton Peace Agreement (1995) specifies, among other things, that Bosnia and Herzegovina should consist of two entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska. The Dayton agreement has become the regulatory template for Bosnia and Herzegovina, a framework which stabilizes and determines our existence primarily through national division. Accordingly, the participation of Bosnia and Herzegovina at the Venice Biennale reflects the Dayton Agreement rather than the current conditions in which various political, economical, social, and cultural relations are intertwined. Therefore, the Pavilion of Bosnia and Herzegovina inevitably introduces its two entities and their agendas to the Venice Biennale. Is the Dayton Agreement now in Venice?

Despite the inability of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska to agree on hardly anything in the country itself, they have managed to agree on the considerable shared costs of the pavilion in order to put Bosnia and Herzegovina on the map of the art world. At the same time, seven major national cultural institutions have been gradually deprived of funding and shut down due to their unresolved legal and financial status since the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement. In accordance with the politics of the two entities, rather than primarily relying on the professional conduct and competence, it was also decided that the two commissioners of this and any other future Biennale must each come from one of these entities.

Considering all these mechanisms at work, we are asking this question: Would it not be appropriate to make these issues transparent and, now and in the future, put two copies of the Dayton Peace Agreement on display at the Pavilion of Bosnia and Herzegovina at the Venice Biennale?

Amila Puzić and Anja Bogojević

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Pavilion

Organizer/Commissioner:
Museum of Contemporary Art of the Republic of Srpska
Artist:
Mladen Miljanović
Curators:
Sarita Vujković; Irfan Hošić
Budget provided by the state:
€150,000
Open Call?
No
Selection procedure:
At the advise of the Museum of Contemporary Art of the Republic of Srpska, the Ministry Council of Bosnia and Herzegovina selected the curators, who in turn invited the artist.

Curator

Name:
Irfan Hošić
Gender:
Male
Born:
Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1977
Lives and works in:
Bosnia and Herzegovina
No. of participations in the venice biennale:
1

Curator

Name:
Sarita Vujković
Gender:
Female
Born:
Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1972
Lives and works in:
Bosnia and Herzegovina
No. of participations in the venice biennale:
1

Artist

Name:
Mladen Miljanović
Gender:
Male
Born:
Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1981
Lives and works in:
Bosnia and Herzegovina
No. of participations in the venice biennale:
1
Represented by galleries in:
Berlin

Politics & Economics

State System:
Federal parliamentary republic with a presidency that rotates every 8 months between a Serbian, a Bosniak and a Croatian representative.
Ruling Political Party:
Social Democratic Party
Population (World Bank, 2011):
3,752,228
GDP per capita (World Bank, 2011):
$4,821
Unemployment (World Bank, 2011):
27.6% of the labor force
World Bank credit:
$300,120,000
Net OECD ODA Aid Received (2011):
$424,620,000
Military Expenditure (SIPRI, 2011):
$231,000,000

Alliances


IMF debt
World Bank debt
International Criminal Court recognized
Non-Aligned Movement

Conflicts

Country independent since:
1992 (from Yugoslavia)
Last Major Border Revision:
1995 (Dayton Peace Accords)
International Court of Justice cases:
4
Global Militarization Index (BICC, 2011):
77
Nuclear Force?
No
Ongoing Conflicts and Disputes:
In 1995 the Dayton Peace Accords divided the country in two political divisions: Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska. Brcko has since become a neutral self-governing region. The country still struggles with the aftermath of the Bosnian War and with high levels of corruption. Parts of the delineation of the border with Serbia remain disputed.
Participation in Multinational Missons:
NATO mission in Afghanistan. UN peacekeeping missions in Congo, Cyprus, Liberia and Sudan.